In a 2-1 decision this past Friday, the 11th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals in Atlanta handed ACA opponents a partial victory and dealt a partial blow to the Obama Administration and ACA supporters. While the ruling is frustrating to those working tirelessly on ACA implementation, the good news is that the entire law wasn’t ruled unconstitutional. The individual mandate provision – or the requirement that everyone who can afford insurance must obtain it – was struck down, raising doubts about the long-term sustainability of the ACA. However, let us grab the bits of good news that are sprinkled (lightly) throughout this ruling.
Medicaid is no bully.
Medicaid expansion is at the heart of expanding coverage to millions of uninsured Americans in the coming decade. The appeals panel confirmed that the Medicaid program is a legitimate federal mechanism to expand coverage to the uninsured. It is not a coercive tool, as charged by the plaintiffs; rather, Medicaid is a longstanding federal-state partnership to address the uninsured in states. The panel writes “If states bear little of the cost of expansion, the idea that states are being coerced into spending money in an ever-growing program seems to us to be ‘more rhetoric than fact.’”
The individual mandate is one provision of many…
It is worth noting that the panel declined to uphold Judge Vinson’s lower court ruling that the entire law be thrown out. Therefore, it raises the possibility that the individual mandate could be severed from the ACA, leaving the law intact. This does raise concerns for ACA supporters and insurers alike because the mandate is a way to include everyone – healthy and sick – and is used as a tool for calibrating risk.
Politics aside…or front and center?
Pam Bondi, the Florida AG leading the 26 state lawsuit against the ACA, commented that due to the bipartisan nature of the 11th Circuit ruling, “politics are out of this now.” (Judge Hull of the majority opinion is a Clinton appointee; however, she is also cited as a compromise candidate during a fierce partisan nomination battle for judges during the mid-nineties). Did Bondi really say that? If that were the case, the 6th Circuit ruling where Republican appointed Judge Sutton upheld the individual mandate would have marked the beginning of the end of ‘politics.’ Saying ‘this is the end of politics’ surrounding these ACA legal challenges is merely politics. Yes, it is confusing. What is clear, however, is that the individual mandate provision of the ACA is bound for the Supreme Court. All pundits agree that the Justices cannot avoid taking an ACA case– as to when the Justices take the case may depend on, well, politics.
Therefore, perhaps you feel a tinge of pity for the Supreme Court as everyone waits to see what ruling they will choose to hear. Will it be the 4th Circuit where we are still awaiting an appeals decision? Will it be the 6th Circuit that has already petitioned the Supremes? Or will it be the 11th Circuit where we are awaiting the Administration’s decision as to whether or not to appeal (they have 90 days)? You can hear the chorus now – “Pick me! Pick me!” Most believe the Obama Administration will win this leg of the race (rare to turn down an Administration petition). Who will reach the finish line first? Well, that is the topic of another blog.
- Eva Stahl, Policy Analyst